Research from Ezra, the leading provider of digital coaching, has found that UK employees are working longer hours than ever thanks to remote working. However, the lack of structured office hours is detrimental to employee work-life balance and well-being and, therefore, the quality of their work.
Due in no small part to the COVID-19 pandemic, 2020 saw a surge in the number of UK employees working from home for at least part of their working week. In 2019, 73.4% of the working population stated that they had ‘never’ worked from home, but by 2020 this number fell to 64.1%, meaning that an additional 3.46 million people moved from never working from home to spending at least part of the week doing so.
Furthermore, 2019 to 2020 also saw a 3.4% increase in UK employees who ‘mainly’ worked from home, the equivalent of an extra 1.04 million people. All in all, between 2019 and 2020 the number of employees who started spending at least some of their time working from home increased by 9.3%. This meant that in 2020, 36% of all UK employees were working from makeshift spaces in kitchens, bedrooms, and playrooms.
Not only are more people working from home, but research suggests they’re also working longer hours as a result. By measuring the number of time employees spent logged into their company’s VPN network, we know that UK employees worked for an average of 9 hours a day before the first lockdown, including breaks. By January 2021 this number had risen to 11 hours a day, an increase of 22.2% in working hours, ranking the UK second in the world, only behind the US, where working hours increased by 37.5%.
Despite longer working hours, further research suggests that the quality of work might be declining along with employee work-life balance. This is due to the data suggesting that working from home has removed the daily structure and employee accountability.
To illustrate, during the first wave of the pandemic, the average employee start time was 10:15am. During the second wave, the average start time was 10:45am. Based on the average length of a working day (11 hours), employees weren’t clocking off until almost 8:00pm.
This has pushed employee work-life balance completely off-kilter. Due to the lack of structure and constant accountability usually provided by traditional office-based working, employees work long hours late into the evening. Not only does this lessen the opportunity for real-time accountability, thus risking a drop in the quality of work, it also means employee well-being and mental health are under threat as jobs start eating into private lives.
Founder of Ezra, Nick Goldberg, commented: ‘A lot of positive things have been said about the rising trend of working from home, including the fact that employees seem willing to work long hours every day. But, while many observers will say this is because they want to work longer or feel capable of working longer due to not having to commute, it’s just as likely that they feel obliged to work harder, too guilty to knock off at a decent hour as they would in the office.
‘Structure and accountability are vital aspects of the working day, and both ensure consistent and progressive action. What’s more, they both enable employees to understand whether or not they’re putting in a decent day’s graft. When working from home, structure and accountability become far less stringent. This can result in the sense of underachievement or lack of productivity for employees, which can, in turn, cause them to work longer and longer hours.
‘But while we’re working longer, we’re not necessarily working harder or better, and our work-life balance is completely out of whack. This can lead very quickly to job dissatisfaction, frustration, and burnout, if not worse.’