Home Health & Wellness What Are The Types of Dental Treatment?

What Are The Types of Dental Treatment?

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Dental treatment encompasses a wide range of procedures and services aimed at maintaining oral health, restoring dental function, and improving the appearance of teeth and gums. These treatments, including jaw surgery London, are provided by dentists and dental specialists, and they play a crucial role in promoting overall well-being.

There are various types of dental treatments available to address different dental issues, including dental implants clinics and dental centres near your location.

Preventive dentistry

  • Dental cleanings. Regular dental cleanings or prophylaxis are essential to remove plaque and tartar buildup, preventing cavities and gum disease.
  • Fluoride treatments. Fluoride helps strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay. It is often applied as a topical treatment or found in toothpaste and drinking water.
  • Sealants. Dental sealants are protective coatings applied to the chewing surfaces of molars and premolars to prevent cavities in the deep grooves.

Restorative dentistry

  • Fillings. Dental fillings are used to repair cavities caused by tooth decay. Materials commonly used include amalgam, composite resin, and porcelain.
  • Dental crowns. Crowns are caps placed over damaged or weakened teeth to restore their shape, strength, and appearance.
  • Bridges. Dental bridges replace missing teeth by anchoring artificial teeth (pontics) to adjacent natural teeth or implants.
  • Dentures. Partial or complete dentures are removable prosthetic devices that replace multiple missing teeth or a full arch of teeth.
  • Dental implants. Implants are titanium posts surgically placed in the jawbone to provide a stable foundation for artificial teeth (crowns, bridges, or dentures).

Cosmetic dentistry

  • Teeth whitening. Teeth whitening treatments help remove stains and discoloration, improving the brightness of the teeth.
  • Veneers. Dental veneers are thin shells of porcelain or composite resin that are bonded to the front of teeth to correct imperfections like chips, stains, or misalignment.
  • Bonding. Dental bonding involves the application of tooth-colored resin to repair chips, gaps, or discoloured teeth.
  • Gum contouring. Also known as gum reshaping, this procedure can improve the appearance of gummy smiles or uneven gum lines.


  • Braces. Traditional braces consist of metal brackets and wires that gradually align and straighten teeth.
  • Invisalign. Invisalign is an orthodontic treatment that uses clear aligners to gradually straighten teeth without traditional braces.
  • Orthodontic appliances. These may include headgear, expanders, and retainers, which are used to address specific orthodontic issues.

Oral Surgery

  • Tooth extractions. Dentists may remove teeth that are severely damaged, impacted, or causing overcrowding.
  • Wisdom teeth removal. Wisdom teeth (third molars) are often extracted to prevent impaction, infection, and other complications.
  • Jaw surgery. Orthognathic surgery corrects severe jaw misalignment issues that cannot be resolved with braces alone.
  • Dental implant surgery. The surgical placement of dental implants in the jawbone requires specialised oral surgery techniques.


  • Root canal therapy. This procedure involves the removal of infected or damaged pulp tissue from within a tooth, followed by filling and sealing the tooth to save it from extraction.


  • Gum disease treatment. Periodontal treatments such as scaling and root planing, as well as surgical procedures, are used to manage gum disease.
  • Gum grafting. Grafting procedures can repair receding gums and improve gum aesthetics.
  • Pocket reduction surgery. This surgery aims to reduce the depth of periodontal pockets and restore gum health.


  • Full mouth rehabilitation. Prosthodontists specialise in restoring and replacing missing teeth using various prosthetic devices and procedures.
  • Maxillofacial prosthetics. These specialists create prosthetic devices for patients who have undergone facial or oral surgery due to cancer, trauma, or congenital conditions.

Paediatric dentistry

  • Children’s dental care. Paediatric dentists provide specialised care for infants, children, and teenagers, focusing on preventive measures, early diagnosis, and treatment of dental issues unique to this age group.

Emergency dentistry

Dentists also offer emergency services to address sudden and severe dental issues, such as toothaches, dental trauma, and infections.

TMD and orofacial pain management

Dentists and oral specialists may diagnose and treat temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) and other orofacial pain conditions that affect the jaw, face, and neck.

Geriatric dentistry

Dentists who specialise in geriatric dentistry focus on the unique oral health needs of elderly patients, including issues related to tooth loss, gum disease, and dry mouth.

Digital dentistry

Advancements in technology have led to digital dental solutions, such as CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) for creating dental restorations, and digital imaging for diagnostics.

It’s important to note that the specific treatment plan for an individual will depend on their oral health needs, age, and other factors. Regular dental check-ups and consultations with a dentist are crucial for maintaining good oral health and addressing dental issues promptly. Dental professionals can assess each patient’s unique situation and recommend the appropriate treatments to achieve optimal oral health and a beautiful smile.


Dental treatment encompasses a wide spectrum of services, from preventive measures to restorative procedures, orthodontics, oral surgery, and specialized treatments. Whether you’re seeking specialised care at dental implants clinics or looking for a dental center near your location, the diverse field of dentistry offers a wide spectrum of solutions to cater to your specific needs. 

The goal of dental care is not only to maintain oral health but also to enhance the appearance and functionality of teeth and gums, ultimately contributing to a person’s overall well-being and quality of life. If you have specific dental concerns or needs, it’s essential to consult with a qualified dentist or dental specialist to receive personalised care and guidance.

Ellen Diamond, a psychology graduate from the University of Hertfordshire, has a keen interest in the fields of mental health, wellness, and lifestyle.

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