Home Health & Wellness What Is Infertility? Understanding the Causes of Infertility in Men and Women

What Is Infertility? Understanding the Causes of Infertility in Men and Women

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When a man cannot make his wife pregnant after a year of sexual activity, it is called male infertility and it affects approximately 7% of all men worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. Common causes include low sperm count, poor sperm motility, and abnormal sperm morphology.

According to Selphyl’s Ovarian PRP Guide, female infertility is the inability of a woman to conceive a baby after a year of regular, unprotected intercourse, with a male who tests fertile. The causes of infertility in females may include ovulation disorders, tubal blockage, and uterine abnormalities; as per WHO data, female infertility may be affecting approximately 10–15% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide.

In about 30% of infertility cases, it’s solely the female’s issue; the same is true for the males. About 30% involve both partners, while in 10%, the cause remains unknown. All conditions require a deep medical evaluation for appropriate management. Understanding the causes behind infertility in both men and women is crucial, as it not only empowers individuals with knowledge but also aids IVF doctors in Indore in tailoring personalised treatment plans. Let’s explore the causes of infertility and the pivotal role of IVF doctors in Indore in helping individuals achieve their dreams of starting a family.

What are the causes of infertility in females and how to deal with them?

Your body has a special system called the female reproductive system. It’s made up of organs like the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina. These parts work together to make it possible for you to have a baby.

Sometimes, there can be causes of infertility in males and females that make it hard for you to get pregnant. This is called infertility. There could be a vast number of causes behind female infertility issues, like problems with your eggs or your uterus, or maybe there’s a blockage in your fallopian tubes.

Doctors have ways to find out what’s causing the problem of fertility issues, whether female or male. They might do tests like blood work, ultrasounds, or special X-rays to check everything. Once they figure out what’s going on, they can suggest ways to help you get pregnant. This might involve taking medicine to help your eggs grow, or you might need a procedure to fix something that’s not working right.

Since there are lots of options out there, like IVF and more, your doctor will work with you to find the best one for you, as per your specific causes of infertility in females. So a medical examination to find out the reason behind female and male infertility is the right way.

Understanding the causes of infertility in males

The male reproductive system is complex but fascinating. It includes organs like the testes, where sperm is produced, and the penis, which is used for delivering sperm. Infertility in males can result from various causes. These include issues with sperm production, blockages in the reproductive tract, hormonal imbalances, and lifestyle factors like smoking or excessive alcohol intake.

To diagnose male infertility, doctors may perform physical exams, semen analysis to assess sperm count and quality, hormonal tests, and imaging studies like ultrasound. Medical conditions such as varicocele (enlarged veins in the testes), infections, or genetic disorders can also affect male fertility.

Male infertility treatment options depend on the underlying cause. Lifestyle changes as well as medications may help correct hormonal imbalances or treat infections. In cases of blockages, surgery might be necessary to restore sperm flow. Assisted reproductive technologies, like in vitro fertilisation (IVF), can also assist couples in conceiving.

How to cope with the causes of infertility in males and females?

  • Why you must be seeking professional help. When facing infertility, it’s incredibly important to reach out for professional assistance. Their team of specialists is here to offer personalised guidance, conduct necessary tests, and provide a range of infertility treatment options tailored to your unique situation. Moreover, experts of fertility issues understand the emotional toll that infertility can take on both partners, and they are here to offer compassionate support as you navigate this journey.
  • Essential lifestyle modifications. By maintaining a healthy weight, adopting a nutrient-rich diet, limiting alcohol and tobacco use, managing stress, and incorporating regular exercise, you’re taking proactive steps to optimise your reproductive health and increase the likelihood of conception. Experts are always there to help support you every step of the way to uproot the causes of infertility in males and females.
  • Alternative and complementary therapies, but under supervision, please. Practices like acupuncture, herbal supplements, and mind-body techniques such as yoga and meditation have been found to promote relaxation and reduce stress, which may in turn enhance fertility outcomes for some individuals. While their effectiveness varies, certain experts help ensure it align with your individual needs and preferences.

Treating the causes of infertility in males and females

These involve various stages as per the causes of female and male infertility.

  • Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) includes various medical procedures to help couples conceive when natural methods fail. It involves retrieving eggs from the woman’s ovaries, fertilising them with sperm in a lab, and implanting the embryos into the uterus.
  • In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is often recommended for couples with infertility due to various reasons, such as blocked fallopian tubes or low sperm count. IVF is another type of ART where eggs and sperm are fertilised outside the body in a laboratory. After fertilisation, the resulting embryos are transferred into the woman’s uterus, with the goal of achieving pregnancy.
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a technique that can overcome sperm-related issues such as low sperm count or poor sperm motility. ICSI is a specialised form of IVF used when male infertility is a factor. It involves injecting a single sperm directly into an egg to facilitate fertilisation.
  • Egg and sperm donation are options for couples unable to produce viable eggs or sperm on their own. Donated eggs or sperm from carefully screened donors are used parallel with ART procedures like IVF to achieve pregnancy, especially in women with fertility issues.

Prevention is better than cure

In the hustle and bustle of daily life, we often tend to not prioritise our bodies, which later causes of infertility in males and females. Thus, we always place stress on three things.

  • Preconception care refers to the health care and guidance individuals receive before attempting to conceive a child. It involves addressing and optimising various factors that can affect fertility and pregnancy outcomes. So it is essential because it sets the stage for a healthy pregnancy and improves the chances of a successful conception.
  • Lifestyle modifications that we have already listed above such as maintaining a healthy weight, balanced diet, avoiding tobacco, and managing stress can boost fertility.
  • Staying updated on infertility research offers hope via future advancements in treatments, because that helps you to know, how soon can you find joy of having a baby, the right way.

Our final word and advice will always be that unless you have consulted a medical expert on the matters of what are causes of infertility in females and how they can be dealt with in your specific case, please don’t try any procedure or medication or alternative therapy.

Each body is unique, so the way clothes don’t fit all, same treatments of female and male infertility, also won’t fit all.




Ellen Diamond, a psychology graduate from the University of Hertfordshire, has a keen interest in the fields of mental health, wellness, and lifestyle.

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