Home Family & Relationship Understanding Family Law in Australia with Stewart Family Law

Understanding Family Law in Australia with Stewart Family Law

Published: Last updated:
Reading Time: 4 minutes

Family law in Australia is a multifaceted field that deals with a wide range of issues impacting families, from marriage and divorce to child custody and property settlements. Stewart Family Law is dedicated to helping families navigate these complex legal matters with expertise and compassion. This article delves into the various aspects of family law in Australia, providing valuable information and guidance for those seeking assistance.

Divorce in Australia

Legal requirements for divorce

In order to be eligible for divorce in Australia, a couple must show that their marriage has irretrievably broken down through at least 12 months of separation. Additionally, one party must meet specific residency or citizenship requirements.

The divorce process explained

The divorce process begins with filing an application, followed by serving the documents to the other party. If there are no children under 18, divorce can be granted without a court hearing. However, if there are children involved, the court must be satisfied with the arrangements for their care before finalising the divorce.

Child custody and parenting

Understanding parental responsibility

Parental responsibility involves making major decisions about a child’s welfare, including education, health care, and religious upbringing. Unless the court orders otherwise, both parents in Australia generally share this responsibility.

Types of parenting arrangements

Both parties may agree on parenting plans or the court may decide. These arrangements include shared custody, where children spend substantial time with both parents, or sole custody, where one parent has primary care.

Best interests of the child

The child’s best interests are the paramount consideration in any custody decision. Factors include the child’s safety, the benefit of maintaining a relationship with both parents, and the impact of any changes in the child’s circumstances.

Property settlement

What is a property settlement?

Property settlement is the process of dividing assets and liabilities between separating couples. This can include real estate, bank accounts, investments, and personal belongings.

Factors affecting property division

Several factors influence property division, including the length of the marriage, the contributions of each party (both financial and non-financial), and each party’s future needs.

Steps in property settlement

The property settlement process involves identifying and valuing all assets and liabilities, negotiating a fair division, and formalising the agreement through a binding financial agreement or court order.

Spousal maintenance

  • Understanding spousal maintenance. After a separation or divorce, one spouse pays the other spousal maintenance in order to ensure that they can meet their reasonable needs.
  • Eligibility criteria for maintenance. Eligibility for spousal maintenance depends on the requesting party’s inability to support themselves adequately and the other party’s capacity to provide support.
  • How maintenance is calculated. The amount of spousal maintenance is determined by considering factors such as each party’s income and financial resources, their standard of living during the marriage, and their age and health.

Family violence

  • Legal definition of family violence. Family violence includes physical, emotional, psychological, and financial abuse within a domestic setting. It also covers behaviours that coerce or control a family member or cause them to be fearful.
  • Protection orders. Protection orders, such as intervention orders, are legal measures designed to protect victims of family violence by restricting the abuser’s actions and contact with the victim.
  • Legal support for victims. Victims of family violence can access various legal supports, including applying for protection orders, receiving legal aid, and accessing support services for safety and recovery.

Child support

  • Overview of child support. Child support ensures that children receive financial support from both parents after separation, contributing to their upbringing and well-being.
  • Calculation of child support payments. Child support payments are calculated based on the income of both parents, the number of children, and the care arrangements in place.
  • Enforcing child support. Enforcement mechanisms include garnishing wages, intercepting tax refunds, and taking legal action against non-compliant parents to ensure they fulfil their financial obligations.

Adoption and surrogacy

  • Legal aspects of adoption. Adoption in Australia is regulated by state and territory laws, focusing on the child’s best interests and ensuring that the process is conducted legally and ethically.
  • Surrogacy laws exist in Australia. Surrogacy arrangements must comply with specific legal requirements, including obtaining court approval and adhering to guidelines that protect all parties involved, particularly the child.

Alternative dispute resolution

  • Mediation in family law. Mediation is a process where a neutral third party helps disputing parties reach an amicable agreement, reducing the need for court intervention.
  • Arbitration and collaborative law. Arbitration involves a binding decision made by an arbitrator, while collaborative law allows parties to resolve disputes through negotiation and cooperation with the assistance of legal professionals.

Court procedures

  • Family Court vs Federal Circuit Court. The Family Court handles complex family law matters, while the Federal Circuit Court deals with less complicated cases. Both courts aim to resolve disputes efficiently and justly.
  • Court procedures and timelines. Understanding court procedures and timelines is crucial for managing expectations and preparing adequately for legal proceedings. This includes filing documents, attending hearings, and complying with court orders.

Legal representation

  • Importance of legal representation. Skilled legal representation is essential for navigating family law complexities, protecting your rights, and achieving a fair outcome.
  • Choosing the right family lawyer. When choosing a family lawyer, consider their experience, expertise, and approach to handling family law matters. Stewart Family Law offers compassionate and professional legal services tailored to your needs.

International family law issues

  • International child abduction. Australia is a signatory to the hague convention, which addresses international child abduction and ensures the prompt return of abducted children to their country of habitual residence.
  • Cross-border divorce issues. Cross-border divorce issues involve complexities such as differing legal systems and jurisdictional challenges. Expert legal advice is crucial to navigating these issues effectively.

Legal aid and support services

  • Accessing legal aid. Legal aid provides essential support for those unable to afford private legal representation, ensuring access to justice for all individuals.
  • Support services for families. Various support services offer assistance to families dealing with legal issues, including counselling, financial advice, and crisis intervention programmes.

Recent changes in family law

  • Recent legislative changes. Staying informed about recent legislative changes in family law is important for understanding how new laws impact your rights and responsibilities.
  • Impact on families. Recent changes in family law can significantly affect families. It’s essential to stay updated on these developments to adapt and ensure compliance with the new legal landscape.


Family law in Australia is designed to protect the interests of all family members, especially children, during times of transition and dispute. Stewart Family Law provides expert guidance and compassionate support to help families navigate these complex issues. Whether you are dealing with divorce, child custody, property settlement, or any other family law matter, having knowledgeable legal representation can make a significant difference in achieving a fair and just outcome.

Adam Mulligan, a psychology graduate from the University of Hertfordshire, has a keen interest in the fields of mental health, wellness, and lifestyle.

© Copyright 2014–2034 Psychreg Ltd