The brain’s defence system plays a greater role in helping behaviour than was previously thought.
Living in a city is a well-known risk factor for developing a mental disorder while living close to nature is largely beneficial for mental health and the brain.
This pre-attentive mechanism is called sensorimotor gating and normally prevents cognitive overload.
Recent studies have shown that certain groups of neurons in the amygdala are crucial for the regulation of fear responses.
The brain keeps track of the value of an experience as well as how it unfolds over time.