Home Society & Culture Study Says Globalisation Reshapes Family Traditions Through Culture, Technology, and Economy

Study Says Globalisation Reshapes Family Traditions Through Culture, Technology, and Economy

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A recent study published in the Journal of Psychosociological Research in Family and Culture reveals the profound impact of globalisation on family traditions and values. The research highlights how global cultural flows, technological advancements, economic factors, and intergenerational dynamics are reshaping family practices and beliefs. This study offers a comprehensive analysis of how families navigate the challenges and opportunities presented by an increasingly interconnected world.

The study employed a qualitative research methodology, focusing on the subjective experiences and perceptions of individuals to understand the nuanced impacts of globalisation on family traditions and values. Twenty participants from diverse cultural backgrounds were purposively selected to ensure a wide representation of experiences. The participants’ ages ranged from 18 to over 55 years, and their cultural backgrounds included East Asian, South Asian, African, European, and Latin American. Their exposure to global influences varied, with some having high exposure through travel or living abroad, while others had moderate or low exposure primarily through media and local adaptations.

The thematic analysis identified five main themes:

  1. Global cultural exchange. The study found that global media, education, cuisine, and fashion significantly influence family traditions. Participants noted the consumption of global media content, preference for international entertainment, studying abroad, and the introduction of foreign cuisines into family meals. This theme illustrates the blend of global and local practices within families.
  2. Technological impact. Digital communication and access to information are transforming family interactions and cultural transmission. Social media connections and online family gatherings have become more common, although there is a decline in face-to-face interactions. The ease of learning about other cultures is balanced by the challenges of misinformation and cultural stereotypes.
  3. Intergenerational dynamics. This theme highlights the negotiation between preserving traditional values and adapting to new ones across generations. Rituals, storytelling, and language teaching remain important for cultural transmission, but younger family members often incorporate global perspectives, leading to hybrid identities. The respect for elders and their roles within the family are also evolving.
  4. Cultural adaptation and resistance. Families actively navigate the global cultural landscape, adopting new practices while striving to maintain core traditions. Some participants celebrated international holidays and embraced changing gender roles, while others made conscious efforts to preserve their cultural heritage.
  5. Economic influences. Global economic trends and opportunities impact family values and practices. Consumerism and materialism influenced by the global market are challenging traditional family values. The balance between work and family life is affected by global economic pressures, and economic migration often leads to family fragmentation but is seen as a necessary sacrifice for a better future.

The study underscores the complex interplay between global and local cultural elements, technological advancements, economic factors, and the transmission of values across generations. Families are shown to be active agents in mediating the impact of globalisation, demonstrating resilience and adaptability. The findings highlight the dynamic process of adaptation, preservation, and transformation of family traditions and values in response to global cultural and economic pressures.

The researchers emphasise that while globalisation introduces new values and practices into the family sphere, the transmission of traditional values remains robust. Families adapt to incorporate global perspectives, reflecting the non-linear nature of cultural change. This adaptability underscores the resilience of family traditions and the ongoing evolution of familial practices in the context of globalisation .

The study’s findings have practical implications for policymakers, educators, and cultural organisations. Promoting digital literacy among families can enhance the benefits of technological advancements while mitigating potential drawbacks. Understanding the resilience and adaptability of family traditions in the face of globalisation can inform the development of policies and initiatives that support cultural diversity and cohesion in a globalised world.

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