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Sampling Costa Rica’s Seasonal Fruits

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Costa Rica, a land of endless greenery and fertile soils, is a treasure trove of biodiversity, especially regarding fruits. The country’s varying climates and landscapes allow a wide array of fruits to flourish throughout the year, each season bringing its own unique bounty. For food enthusiasts and health-conscious travellers, sampling the seasonal fruits of Costa Rica is a delightful way to experience the country’s natural abundance. This guide will introduce you to the vibrant world of Costa Rican fruits, highlighting what to look for and when to find them at their peak.

Dry season delights (December–April)

The dry season in Costa Rica, known for its sunny days and clear skies, is the perfect time to indulge in various refreshing fruits.

  • Mangoes. Come March, the mango trees are laden with fruit, ranging from the sweet ‘Manga’ to the tangy ‘Tommy Atkins.’
  • Watermelon. With its high water content, watermelon has become a popular choice for staying hydrated and is available widely in markets and roadside stalls.
  • Cantaloupe and honeydew. These melons hit their peak during the dry season, offering a sweet, juicy treat to beat the heat.

Rainy season harvest (May–November)

The rainy season brings a surge in greenery and a whole new assortment of fruits thriving in the moist, rich soils.

  • Rambutan (mamon chino). This exotic fruit, with its hairy exterior, comes into season around August, revealing juicy, grape-like flesh inside.
  • Pineapple. While available year-round, pineapples are adorable during the rainy months, thanks to the abundant water.
  • Guanábana (soursop). Known for its creamy texture and complex flavour, guanábana is a rainy-season favourite, often used in smoothies and desserts.

All-year rounders

Some of Costa Rica’s fruits defy seasonal categorization and are available throughout the year, providing constant access to fresh, tropical flavours.

  • Bananas. As one of the country’s top exports, bananas are available anytime, perfect for a quick snack or a traditional dish like patacones.
  • Papayas. With their sweet, musky flavour and health benefits, papayas are a staple in the Costa Rican diet, enjoyed in fruit salads or simply with a squeeze of lime.
  • Avocados. Costa Rican avocados vary in size and type but are consistently creamy and delicious, enhancing salads, sandwiches, or the classic guacamole.

Unique fruit experiences in Costa Rica

  • Coffee cherries. Beyond its world-renowned coffee, Costa Rica’s coffee plantations offer the unique experience of tasting coffee cherries directly from the tree. The sweet, red outer fruit encases the coffee bean and provides a surprising sweetness that contrasts the final coffee product’s bitterness.
  • Pejibayes. Harvested from a type of palm tree, pejibayes are a Costa Rican staple that peaks during the rainy season. Boiled and salted, they’re often eaten with mayonnaise for a unique snack that’s both nutritious and filling, showcasing the versatility of Costa Rica fruits.

Culinary uses and traditions

Many of Costa Rica’s fruits are not only consumed fresh but also play pivotal roles in traditional dishes and beverages:

  • Ceviche. While traditionally made with seafood, Costa Rican ceviche often incorporates lime-juiced mangoes or pineapples for a tropical twist.
  • Casado. This quintessential Costa Rican meal might feature plantains or avocado, demonstrating how fruits are integrated into daily cuisine.
  • Fresco de cas. A popular drink made from the cas fruit, offering a refreshingly tart flavour that epitomises the Costa Rican penchant for incorporating a wide range of fruits into their beverages.

Sustainability and organic farming

The trend towards sustainable and organic farming practices in Costa Rica means that many fruits are delicious and produced in ways that support the environment and local communities. Visitors are encouraged to seek organic markets and farms to learn about and contribute to these practices firsthand.

Fruit-picking tours

Several farms offer fruit-picking tours for those interested in experiencing Costa Rica’s agricultural bounty more directly. These tours provide a hands-on way to understand the cultivation process, from tree to table, and often conclude with a tasting session of freshly picked fruits.

Fruit festivals

Costa Rica hosts several fruit-related festivals a year, celebrating everything from the strawberry to the mango. These festivals offer a fantastic opportunity for visitors to sample various fruits, enjoy traditional dishes, and participate in cultural activities centred around agriculture.


Exploring the seasonal fruits of Costa Rica offers a delicious way to connect with the country’s rich agricultural heritage and vibrant culinary scene. Each season unveils a new palette of flavours, colours, and textures, reflecting the diversity of this tropical paradise. For those wishing to immerse themselves fully in the experience, staying in a Costa Rica villa provides an ideal base. Luxury villas in Costa Rica often feature lush gardens with fruit trees, allowing guests to enjoy the freshest picks right from their backyard. Whether you’re blending up a tropical smoothie in your villa’s kitchen or savouring a slice of juicy pineapple by the pool, Costa Rica’s fruits are sure to enhance your stay with their delectable flavours and nutritional benefits, embodying the essence of pura vida.

Samantha Green, a psychology graduate from the University of Hertfordshire, has a keen interest in the fields of mental health, wellness, and lifestyle.

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