Retinal detachment, if left untreated, could lead to vision loss in the affected eye. It occurs when a layer of tissue at the back of the eye pulls away and tears off. Separation from the normal position causes light flashes, floaters and darkened peripheral vision. An average American has a 1 in 300 chance of suffering from retinal detachment. This condition makes it difficult to ensure light sensitivity and send visual signals to the brain.
The good news is that there are viable treatment options. It is usually repaired with surgery. Pneumatic retinopexy, laser or freezing, vitrectomy, and scleral buckle are other procedures that can arrest the condition, according to an article by WebMD. The top ophthalmologist will tell you the suitable option, based on your specific situation.
It is crucial to have sound knowledge of the risk factors. These include eye injury, lattice degeneration and near-sightedness. These are hard to predict or prevent. But adopting some measures can help decrease the chances of retinal complications.
Regular eye checkups
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, tractional retinal detachment and exudative detachment are the three main reasons for permanent vision loss. But these can be detected in an eye examination. So, make it a point to get an annual checkup. Pick a clinic that has specialised ophthalmologists. They can use cutting-edge technology to successfully treat and manage the condition. Do drop by in case you notice small flecks or threads in your line of sight. The longer you wait, the higher is the chance of serious damage.
Protect against eye injury
There are plenty of daily activities that could cause sudden wear and tear in the eye, impacting your ability to see clearly. Take a look at how to avoid them in simple ways.
- Do not use hair curling irons and tools too close to your eyes.
- Be careful while cooking to prevent oil or spice splatter.
- Use knives, pencils, compasses, scissors and forks from a distance.
- Wear safety goggles while blowing leaves or bleaching lawns.
- Consider face shields when working with pool chemicals and fertilisers.
Eye risks from these activities increase the chances of retinal detachment. Therefore, try your best to avoid flying debris, shooting pellets and hazardous fireworks as much as possible. Wear the right protective gear to safeguard your eyes.
Maintain eye health
Taking care of your eyes regularly can minimize multiple diseases. Ensure a leafy green diet, get regular exercise, maintain a healthy weight, avoid smoking and rest your eyes often, according to an article by MedilinePlus. Ensure proper steps to prevent eye infections, like washing hands before wearing contact lenses. Ensure regular eye exams, such as acuity tests, visual field tests and dilation to detect eye issues at an early stage. Following these healthy habits can go a long way to lower the probability of retinal detachment.
Detachment might initially affect a portion of the retina, but the bunch of cells might peel off without treatment, according to an article by Medical News Today. Therefore, besides lowering the risks, keep an eye on the symptoms and seek immediate help.
Adam Mulligan did his degree in psychology at the University of Hertfordshire. He is interested in mental health and well-being.