Home Health & Wellness Optimising Men’s Health: Understanding Testosterone Replacement Therapy

Optimising Men’s Health: Understanding Testosterone Replacement Therapy

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Testosterone, a hormone primarily present in high levels in males, is responsible for the proper functioning of the male body. But low testosterone levels have become an increasingly common problem today. 

Research has shown that about 7% of males aged 50 and older are at risk of low testosterone levels. This condition, often called “low T,” can affect a man’s daily activities. So, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is a great treatment option. 

What is testosterone replacement therapy?

In simple words, testosterone replacement therapy or TRT, is a hormone replacement therapy targeted at men who suffer from low testosterone levels. 

In the male body, testosterone is a reproductive hormone needed to maintain healthy sperm. Moreover, testosterone is also required for energy, mood, and overall well-being. 

When a man suffers from low testosterone, he will notice a decline in his sexual wellness as well as an increase in irritable moods and mood swings. 

To maintain healthy testosterone levels, a licensed physician usually recommends inserting testosterone into the body through various means.

How is TRT done?

In TRT, a doctor prescribes exogenous testosterone in the form of an injection, but many may also prescribe testosterone patches or creams. 

In the case of patches or creams, the hormone is directly absorbed by the body under the skin. 

If you feel that you require a TRT session, it’s best to undergo hormone tests and then speak to your doctor. Depending on your current lifestyle and medication history, they will prescribe the best way to intake testosterone.

TRT treatments are quite similar to the treatment of type 1 diabetes, where the body cannot produce the required amounts of insulin. So, it requires an outside or exogenous source of insulin. 

Symptoms of low testosterone

Before thinking of TRT options, first consider whether you have low levels of testosterone. Even before going for a test, the following symptoms will let you know if you have a testosterone deficiency:

  • Decreased libido. Did you notice a significant change in your sexual drive, especially as you keep ageing? Reduced sex drive is one of the biggest indications of low testosterone levels, especially if your sex life was pretty exciting and frequent earlier.
  • Low energy and mood. Many times, low testosterone levels manifest in the body in the form of low mood and energy. If you constantly feel lethargic and irritable despite having a good night’s sleep, then it might mean that you need to get a regular hormone checkup done.
  • Hair loss. Testosterone is also responsible for facial and body hair growth in men. When testosterone levels decrease significantly, they can cause a loss of both body and facial hair. You might notice sudden excess hairfall or stunted beard growth.
  • Erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction is also sometimes categorised as impotence. This is when the penis fails to become hard or stiff during sexual intercourse or sexual stimulation.

If you have previously never faced problems regarding erection but are going through them now, consult a doctor.

Types of TRT

There are many different kinds of TRT treatments available. Depending on your doctor’s suggestion, you can undergo any one of the following:

  • Injectable. This is the most common and inexpensive form of TRT. Your doctor can either go for the short-acting treatment, an injection every one or two weeks, or the long-term treatment, which can continue for months.
  • Topical. Topical or transdermal TRT procedures are generally more stable than injectables, so most men prefer this method.  However, to prevent medicine transfer, you must completely avoid skin-to-skin contact for at least 6 hours after applying the testosterone cream.
  • Implants. Testosterone pellets or implants are small plastic implants that your doctor will insert under the skin, either under the upper hip or buttock. The pellet slowly dissolves into the skin and increases testosterone production within 3-6 months. However, the pellet dosage might vary.
  • Oral. Oral testosterone, though very expensive, is also one of the therapy types of TRT. Using this long-term can cause damage to the liver, which is why most doctors advise patients not to use it.  Patients who suffer from hypertension or stroke should not take TRT tablets.

Benefits of TRT

Fortunately, TRT has a high success rate in males and has proven to give many benefits, namely high libido and sex drive, better erection quality and time, considerable improvement in mental health and mood, and healthier appetite, among others. 

If you continue TRT for many months, you can see long-term positive changes like better bone and joint movement, increased red blood cell production, better facial and body hair growth, and an improved immune system. 

However, remember that TRT is not the same for every patient, and even the treatment options and methods can vary for a single patient.


A typical TRT session can cost between $1650 and $3,200 a year, depending on where and how you get the treatment. Further studies and data show Online Clinics have proven to be cost-effective and just as effective, starting at as little as $100. Always remember to consult your doctor before taking any form of exogenous testosterone.

Jeffrey Grant, a psychology graduate from the University of Hertfordshire, has a keen interest in the fields of mental health, wellness, and lifestyle.

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