Home Health & Wellness New Study Reveals the Impact of Physical and Psychosocial Factors on Endometriosis Health Outcomes

New Study Reveals the Impact of Physical and Psychosocial Factors on Endometriosis Health Outcomes

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Researchers have revealed significant insights into how physical and psychosocial factors influence the health of individuals living with endometriosis, a chronic inflammatory gynaecological disease. The study, published in the journal Psychology & Health, emphasises the crucial role these factors play in managing both physical and mental health aspects of the disease.

Endometriosis affects approximately 10% of individuals born with female reproductive organs. Characterised by tissue similar to the uterine lining growing outside the uterus, it often leads to chronic pelvic pain and infertility. The journey to a correct diagnosis is frequently prolonged, leading to heightened pain and psychological distress.

The research, conducted between February and August 2021, utilised an online survey to collect data at two intervals. The study’s sample comprised cisgender women diagnosed with endometriosis, allowing for a focused examination of the disease’s impact. The results highlighted that individuals with endometriosis tend to have below-average mental health compared to the general population. Surprisingly, their physical health was within average ranges, despite the high level of pain symptoms reported.

Key findings of the study include:

  • Pelvic pain. Severe and prolonged pelvic pain was closely linked to poorer health outcomes.
  • Diagnostic delay. A longer period before receiving an accurate diagnosis of endometriosis was significantly associated with poorer physical health.
  • Surgery frequency. The study suggests minimising the number of surgeries to preserve health.
  • Income level. Higher household income was positively associated with better health outcomes, reflecting broader socioeconomic impacts.
  • Psychosocial aspects. A higher sense of coherence, self-efficacy, sexual satisfaction, and satisfaction with gynaecological treatment were linked to better physical and mental health.

The study underscores the necessity of a comprehensive, biopsychosocial approach to treating endometriosis. It suggests that addressing both the physical symptoms and the psychosocial aspects of the disease is vital for improving the overall health of those affected. The research also highlights the importance of patient-doctor relationships and the need for tailored treatment strategies.

While the study offers valuable insights, it also acknowledges certain limitations, including a high dropout rate between survey points and the exclusion of non-cisgender participants. The study was conducted during the Covid pandemic, which might have influenced the health outcomes.

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