Home Mind & Brain New Study Finds People Favour Distraction Over Reappraisal in Intense Situations

New Study Finds People Favour Distraction Over Reappraisal in Intense Situations

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Imagine a heated argument or an emotionally charged situation. How do we instinctively respond to calm the storm? It’s a question that probes the depths of our instinctual responses in moments of high emotional stress. Understanding how we instinctively seek to ‘calm the storm’ reveals much about our innate coping mechanisms and emotional intelligence. It’s a glimpse into the human mind’s subtle art of navigating emotional highs and lows

Researchers have unveiled surprising findings about how we regulate others’ emotions. The study challenges long-held beliefs about the effectiveness of different emotion regulation strategies. The findings were published in the journal Discover Psychology.

Distraction, reconstrual, and minimising were the focal points of the research, with each experiment exploring preferences and effectiveness in varying emotional contexts. Traditionally, reconstrual, a strategy involving changing one’s interpretation of a situation to alter its emotional impact, has been viewed as a key tool in emotion regulation. However, the study reveals that in emotionally intense situations, people often opt for distraction or minimising strategies instead.

The findings emerged from three meticulously designed experiments. Each experiment assessed participants’ preferences for these strategies in different scenarios, highlighting how emotional intensity influences decision-making. For example, in high-intensity situations, people were more inclined to choose distraction, redirecting attention away from the emotional trigger, or minimising, downplaying the significance of the situation, rather than reconstrual.

Vicky Xu, an academic from the University of Sydney, elaborates on the motivation and implications of the study. She explains: “Our research fills a critical gap by focusing on how people help others regulate their emotions, particularly in high-intensity situations. We specifically examined strategies like distraction, reconstrual, and minimising, noting that distraction and minimising are often preferred due to their lower cognitive demands. Interestingly, we found that the type of emotion, whether anger or sadness, didn’t significantly influence the choice of emotion regulation strategy.”

Vicky highlights the importance of understanding different emotion regulation strategies, not just in personal interactions but also in therapeutic and organisational settings. “These insights are crucial for practices like cognitive behavioural therapy, couples therapy, and even within high-stress work environments,” she adds.

Continuing her research journey, Vicky is currently exploring schema therapy and its role in managing depressive disorders. She emphasises the significance of both intrinsic and extrinsic emotion regulation, aspiring to contribute further to translational research and mental health policies.

These results are significant for multiple reasons. First, they provide novel insights into the psychological processes underlying emotion regulation, especially in the context of regulating others’ emotions. Second, they have practical implications across various fields, including psychology, therapy, and even workplace dynamics.

The study’s outcomes suggest that reconstrual, often emphasised in therapeutic settings, might not always be the most practical or effective strategy, especially in more intense emotional situations. This could lead to a re-evaluation of strategies used in therapies like cognitive behavioural therapy, couples therapy, and even in high-stress work environments.

The research underscores the importance of context in emotion regulation. The effectiveness of a strategy varies greatly depending on the intensity of the emotional situation. This nuanced understanding could influence future research and practice in psychology, paving the way for more tailored and effective emotion regulation interventions.

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