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Neurodiverse vs Neurodivergent: Understanding the Differences and Celebrating the Spectrum

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In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of understanding and celebrating neurodiversity. Many people have encountered the terms “neurodiverse” and “neurodivergent”, but there is often confusion about what these words mean and how they are different. 

Defining neurodiverse and neurodivergent

Neurodiverse is an adjective used to describe a group, community, or society that includes individuals with a variety of neurological differences. These differences can include conditions such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyslexia, and others. The term “neurodiverse” emphasises the natural variation in human brains and highlights the importance of recognising and valuing these differences.

Neurodivergent, on the other hand, is an adjective used to describe an individual whose neurological development and functioning differ from what is considered “neurotypical”. Neurotypical refers to individuals whose brain functioning aligns with the majority or the “norm”. Neurodivergent individuals may have one or more of the conditions mentioned above, and their experiences and perspectives can provide valuable insights into the world around us.

The importance of recognising neurodiversity

The concept of neurodiversity is essential because it promotes the idea that all brain types have unique strengths and abilities. It challenges the traditional view that certain neurological conditions are inherently negative or abnormal. By recognising and celebrating neurodiversity, we can help to reduce the stigma and discrimination faced by neurodivergent individuals and create a more inclusive society.

Here are some of the key benefits of embracing neurodiversity:

  • Reducing stigma. By recognising that neurological differences are a natural part of human variation, we can reduce the stigma associated with conditions like autism, ADHD, and dyslexia. This can help neurodivergent individuals feel more accepted and supported in their communities.
  • Valuing unique perspectives. Neurodivergent individuals often bring unique perspectives and problem-solving skills to the table. By valuing their contributions, we can foster innovation and creativity in various fields.
  • Enhancing inclusion. Recognising neurodiversity encourages the development of more inclusive environments, such as workplaces and schools, that can accommodate and support the needs of neurodivergent individuals.
  • Promoting mental health. By understanding and appreciating the full spectrum of human brain functioning, we can create a more empathetic society that supports mental health and well-being for all.

Strategies for supporting neurodivergent individuals

Now that we understand the importance of recognising and valuing neurodiversity, what can we do to support neurodivergent individuals? Here are some strategies for creating more inclusive environments:

  • Education and awareness. Raise awareness about neurodiversity and neurodivergent conditions by providing information and resources to help people understand the unique strengths and challenges faced by neurodivergent individuals.
  • Accommodations and support. Implement accommodations and supports to help neurodivergent individuals succeed in various settings, such as providing extra time on exams for students with ADHD or offering flexible work schedules for employees with autism.
  • Encourage open communication: Create a safe space for neurodivergent individuals to share their experiences and ask for support. Encourage neurotypical individuals to ask questions and learn more about neurodivergent perspectives.
  • Celebrate strengths. Highlight and celebrate the unique strengths and abilities of neurodivergent individuals, both in personal relationships and professional settings. This can help to build self-esteem and foster a sense of belonging for neurodivergent individuals.
  • Foster inclusivity. Actively work to create inclusive environments by considering the needs of neurodivergent individuals when designing spaces, policies, and programmes. This could include offering sensory-friendly events, providing quiet spaces for those with sensory sensitivities, or adopting inclusive hiring practices.
  • Advocate for change. Advocate for systemic change to support neurodiversity, such as lobbying for legislation that ensures equal rights and opportunities for neurodivergent individuals in areas like education, employment, and healthcare.

Final thoughts

Understanding the difference between neurodiverse and neurodivergent is the first step in fostering a more inclusive society that values and supports the full spectrum of human brain functioning. By recognizing and celebrating neurodiversity, we can challenge traditional notions of what is “normal” and help to reduce the stigma and discrimination faced by neurodivergent individuals. By implementing strategies to support neurodivergent individuals, we can create environments that empower them to reach their full potential and contribute their unique perspectives to our communities.

As we continue to raise awareness and embrace neurodiversity, we can create a world that is more inclusive, compassionate, and supportive of all individuals, regardless of their neurological differences. So let’s celebrate the beauty of the human brain in all its diverse forms and work together to create a brighter, more inclusive future for everyone.


Ellen Diamond, a psychology graduate from the University of Hertfordshire, has a keen interest in the fields of mental health, wellness, and lifestyle.

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