Home Cyberpsychology & Technology From Morse to Emoji: The Evolution of Communication Technologies

From Morse to Emoji: The Evolution of Communication Technologies

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To be in the world and interact with the surroundings, communication is a quintessence without which life fails to make good meaning and understanding. Over time, its modes have evolved, and modern technologies enable multiple fascinating forms of communication in the contemporary world. It won’t be wrong to say that there has been a tremendous change in the pattern from the earliest Morse codes to the modern period of emojis as the tools of thoughts, emotions, and ideas. The change in the communication pattern is instrumental in facilitating modern users over the different working and entertaining platforms such as 7Slots, where they can express their opinions and communicate more interestingly using the provided emojis in the chatbox or comment sections. However, to emphasise the contemporary aspects of communication, this article draws upon how, over time, there has been a transformation in communication technology, which has altered the way the modern user connects and expresses. 

The stages of communication development

The mode of communication reached a turning point in the middle of the 19th century when the Morse code and the telegraph were introduced to the world. Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail were the masterminds behind this huge invention, as the Morse code consisted of letters and numbers represented with consecutive dots in ordered positions. These coded messages were transmitted via telegraph, an electric machine that enabled distant communication, thus connecting people separated by long distances. In fact, the telegraph revolutionised communication and made the impossible possible for the people.


Once the communication mode got a kick-start, Alexander Graham Bell’s invention of the telephone advanced it further. In 1876, with the invention of the telephone, people got a chance to have real-time voice conversations while sitting at long distances. Such a revolutionary invention transformed the communication method, opening up horizons unattainable through traditional modes. Telephone communication immensely affected society as it brought a new perspective on modes of interaction, giving way to immediately accessible and personal connections. 

Radio and television 

The technology and art of communication didn’t stop with the accessibility of voice communication; rather, science was more curious to find ways to add to the methods that could make communication fast, easy, and effective. Therefore, television and radio inventions provided a new dimension to the dispersion of knowledge, information, and ideas. Right from the convenience of their homes, people could listen to the news and also listen to songs, thus adding a layer of entertainment to their monotonous lives. Meanwhile, the radio took communication to a new level, thus adding the visual mode and providing a space for the mass dissemination of information via images and sounds. Such technologies enabled fast news, information, and entertainment broadcasting, enabling cultural unity and harmony. At the same time, radio and television have played a vital role in inculcating global consciousness and raising awareness among the people, thus providing a space for public opinion. 

Internet services

Global communication witnessed a significant change with the enabling of Internet services, which were introduced in the later part of the 20th century. Now, people can interact in real time, which has enormous potential for interaction across the globe. With the internet as the universal messaging service, email transformed the world of communication, significantly reducing the delivery time and efforts to deliver messages over long distances. 

Mobile devices 

In the 21st century, communication modes have adapted and evolved considerably as smartphones make it easier for people to correspond. With mobile phones in hand, it became easier for people to send text messages, widely known as Short Message Service (SMS), as well as to make instant calls from any place. Such an instant and quick shift towards the rapid exchange of communication marked a step ahead in its innovative form.

Social media messaging

Afterward, social media caused a boom in the communication industry as the emergence of social media platforms provided plenty of instant messaging options. Social media apps like Twitter (now known as X), Facebook, and Instagram have opened up the possibilities of sharing images, thoughts, and dynamic and interactive messaging on applications like: 

  • WeChat
  • Telegram
  • WhatsApp

They could share their thoughts, send messages, and engage in group conversations with their loved ones. 

Smileys and emojis

The mode of communication evolved to something more dynamic in the digital world with the introduction of emoticons, which made communication highly interesting and interactive. The emoticons comprise combinations of characters and symbols to typify the facial expressions. Later, these evolved into emojis, represented by small and bright symbols comprising a wide range of emotions, objects, and ideas. Emojis opened up the avenues of universal communication, disbanded linguistic barriers and added newness to the digital form of interaction. 

Real-time calls and meetings

With the advancement of internet services and the incorporation of novel technology, new modes of communication emerged. The people could talk and see each other face-to-face via video calls. Meanwhile, applications like FaceTime, Zoom, and Skype provide convenient platforms for face-to-face conversations, irrespective of geographical location. At the same time, virtual reality (VR) made communication immersive while redefining remote connections. 

Expert systems

Expert systems have refined communication, and with virtual assistants and chatbots, people can conveniently access helpdesk services in the blink of an eye. Artificial intelligence (AI) has refined the communication system, and AI-guided systems can comprehend and address the users’ language and assist them according to their requirements. 

The evolutionary leap

Communication has evolved significantly with the interference of technology. When we look back at the simplest form of Morse codes to the modern emojis, we can see how human language has found expressions that transcend linguistic barriers. Such a technological shift has surpassed the limitations of time and space while bringing people closer together and establishing a global communication system. Meanwhile, the communication process is dynamic and has not stopped yet, and we can expect more to be seen.

Adam Mulligan, a psychology graduate from the University of Hertfordshire, has a keen interest in the fields of mental health, wellness, and lifestyle.

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