Depression is a mental disorder characterised by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in activities. Depression causes physical symptoms such as changes in appetite and sleep patterns. According to the World Health Organization, the prevalence of depression in India is estimated to be around 6.5%. The prevalence of depression is more in urban areas and women are more likely to suffer from depression as compared to men. According to a study funded by WHO, in India, around 36% of women suffer from depression as compared to 12% of men.
Therapy is an important aspect of the treatment of depression. Therapy helps individuals understand and manage depression symptoms, develop coping skills, and improve their overall well-being.
Types of therapy for depression
There are several types of therapy that are effective in treating depression. Some of the most therapy include:
- Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT). Cognitive-behavioural therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on identifying and changing negative thought patterns and behaviours that contribute to depression.
- Interpersonal therapy (IPT). Interpersonal therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on improving relationships and communication skills, which can be particularly helpful for individuals whose depression is related to social or interpersonal issues.
- Mindfulness-based therapy. Mindfulness-based therapy is a type of therapy that teaches individuals to focus on the present moment and become more aware of their thoughts and feelings.
- Psychoanalytic therapy. Psychoanalytic therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on exploring the unconscious mind and understanding how past experiences may be influencing current thoughts and behaviours.
- Behavioural activation therapy (BAT). Behavioural activation therapy is a type of therapy that helps to increase engagement in activities and improve mood.
- Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Acceptance and commitment therapy is a type of therapy that helps individuals to accept their thoughts and feelings without struggling against them and to focus on what is important in their daily life.
- Psychoanalytic therapy. Psychoanalytic therapy is a type of therapy for depression that focuses on exploring the unconscious mind and understanding how past experiences may influence current thoughts and behaviours. It can be helpful in understanding the underlying causes of depression and addressing them.
- Couples therapy. This type of therapy is beneficial for couples where one or both partners are experiencing depression. It can help to improve communication, build trust and intimacy, and address any issues in the relationship that may be contributing to depression.
How therapy can help with depression
Therapy can be an effective treatment for depression as it addresses multiple aspects of the condition. These negative thoughts can spiral and cause feelings of hopelessness and helplessness. A therapist can help you to identify these negative thoughts and teach you techniques to challenge and change them. Therapy for depression is improving communication and social skills.
Depression makes it difficult in maintaining relationships and forming new connections. A therapist can teach you how you can effectively communicate your needs and feelings, and improve your relationships. Therapy can also provide coping strategies for stress and difficult situations. Depression can feel overwhelming and difficult to manage.
Choosing a therapist
Finding a qualified therapist can be a daunting task, but there are several steps you can take to ensure to find a therapist who is a fit for your needs.
- Look for a licensed therapist. Make sure the therapist you are considering is licensed by the state in which they practice. This ensures that they have completed the necessary education and training to be a therapist.
- Check credentials. Look for a therapist who has a graduate degree in psychology, social work, or counselling. They should also be affiliated with a professional organisation such as the American Psychological Association or the National Association of Social Workers.
- Get recommendations. Ask friends, family, or your primary care physician for recommendations of therapists they have had a good experience with.
- Look for specialisation. If you are dealing with a trauma or addiction, look for a therapist who specialises in that area.
Therapy can help individuals manage their depression and improve their overall quality of life. It can help individuals to identify and change negative thought patterns, improve communication and social skills, learn coping strategies for stress and difficult situations, and address underlying issues that may be contributing to depression. Therapy can also provide support and a safe space to process emotions. Finding a qualified therapist who has specialized training in treating depression, and who you feel comfortable with is crucial for successful therapy.
Dennis Relojo-Howell is the managing director of Psychreg.