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A Guide to Addressing Mental Health Issues Through Psychotherapy

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Psychotherapy is an essential tool for addressing mental health issues. Psychotherapy, in particular, offers a values-based approach to help individuals improve their psychological functioning and experience a state of well-being. Mental health issues are successfully addressed through therapeutic techniques and methods derived from the theory and practice of psychotherapy. TherapyRoute is a directory of professional psychotherapists and therapists who specialize in specific aspects of patient care, including the treatment of mental health issues. It uses many techniques, including counselling, psychodynamic or object relations therapy, psychodrama, narrative therapy, and others, to improve psychological functioning and experience a state of well-being.

There are several different approaches to psychotherapy. Each aims to treat mental health issues by improving the individual’s mental health, reducing their level of distress, and improving their overall quality of life. Therapists may use one specific approach or multiple techniques from differing traditions. Most methods involve an ongoing relationship between therapist and client, with regular sessions occurring weekly or fortnightly. However, some approaches employ less frequent sessions over a more extended period.

So what are the different kinds of psychotherapy?

Psychodynamic psychotherapy

Psychodynamic therapy is a talking therapy that originated in the early 1900s and is based on the work of Sigmund Freud. Psychodynamic approaches help individuals gain insight into the impact of their past and how this has influenced their perceptions and behaviour in their current life. It can include how a person interprets events and deals with everyday problems.

Psychodynamic therapy focuses on unconscious processes that may drive maladaptive behaviours or responses in an individual’s life. This treatment aims to enable patients to gain insight into their unconscious processes and become aware of how these impact them. It can result in the patient taking more effective action against negative behaviours and responding more positively toward others.

Relational psychotherapy

Relational psychotherapy was developed by Steven C. Hayes, who believed that many people’s difficulties with relationships stem from deep-seated unresolved issues that patients have around close relationships. This approach addresses these issues by helping people develop healthier ways of interacting and communicating with others throughout their lives.

The goal of relational therapy is to help individual patients identify the kinds of expectations that they have about themselves and others, including the impact their expectations will have on the type of relationship they will form with others throughout their life. The model also looks at how both inner and outer experiences affect each other and how this affects our overall perception of a person or a situation. This approach helps patients understand their expectations about others and provides them with more effective ways of communicating and interacting with others.


Neuropsychotherapy is a type of psychotherapy developed by Theodore Dorsey, who believed that many people’s difficulties result from dysregulation in the central nervous system, particularly in the brain, due to our life experiences. This approach treats people who have been diagnosed with any form of mental illness or disorder by using treatment methods and techniques from behavioural modification, cognitive therapy, and psychodynamic approaches.

Cognitive behavioural therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapy is a type of psychotherapy developed by Aaron Beck, who believed that many people’s behaviours result from deeply-rooted core beliefs, which may have developed as responses to a person’s life experiences. These beliefs can significantly impact how individuals perceive themselves and their ability to interact successfully with others.

Humanistic psychotherapy

Humanistic psychotherapy was created by Abraham Maslow, who believed that people could change themselves in any way they wish if they took the initiative. This approach focuses on helping individuals discover and develop their true selves and how they can achieve their goals. The goal is to help people believe in themselves more and find more fulfilling ways of expression.

Existential psychotherapy

Existential psychotherapy was developed by Victor Frankl, who believes humans can create meaning by living an examined life rather than pursuing materialistic possessions. This approach focuses on helping patients understand how they perceive others and themselves and how this perception shapes their behaviour.

Anxiety disorders are characterized by feelings of excessive anxiety and worry, often accompanied by physical symptoms.


Some treatment options include Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), which aims to help individuals understand the relationship between their thoughts, feelings, and actions; Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT), which focuses on assisting individuals in adjusting to changes in personal relationships and social situations; Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), which is a group or individual therapy that encourages participants to focus less on those aspects of their lives that are outside of their control.

Robert Haynes did his degree in psychology at the University of Hertfordshire. He is interested in mental health, wellness, and lifestyle.

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