Home Mental Health & Well-Being Different Types of Anxiety and How Therapy Can Help?

Different Types of Anxiety and How Therapy Can Help?

Reading Time: 3 minutes

The feeling of anxiety is something that all people go through, but for some people, it can become overwhelming and interfere with their day-to-day lives. For treatment to be successful, it is necessary to have a solid understanding of the many types of anxiety disorders. There are many different types of therapy, and each one provides individuals who are struggling with anxiety disorders with hope and relief. In this post, we will discuss the various types of anxiety, as well as the ways in which anxiety therapy can assist in the management and alleviation of symptoms.

Generalised anxiety disorder

The hallmark of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is excessive and ongoing concern over a variety of life issues, including relationships, jobs, health, and money. Physical symptoms such as weariness, muscle tightness, restlessness, and difficulty concentrating are common in people with GAD.

GAD is effectively treated with therapy, especially cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). CBT assists people in identifying and disputing illogical ideas, creating coping mechanisms, and progressively facing their fears.

Panic disorder

Recurrent panic attacks, which are abrupt bursts of extreme terror or discomfort accompanied by physical symptoms, including palpitations, dizziness, and chest pain, are indicative of panic disorder. Anxiety caused by anticipatory anxiety, which is a worry of more attacks, can be crippling. Therapy modalities include mindfulness-based techniques, and exposure therapy can assist people with panic disorder in effectively learning to tolerate and control their panic symptoms. In addition, therapy may be combined with medicines and relaxation methods.

Social anxiety disorder

An extreme fear of social situations because of a fear of embarrassment or humiliation is the hallmark of social anxiety disorder, sometimes referred to as social phobia. People who suffer from social anxiety might shy away from social events, public speaking engagements, and interpersonal interactions. Social anxiety is frequently treated with cognitive behavioural therapies, such as exposure therapy and social skills training. Through these therapies, patients can gradually face social situations they are afraid of, question unfavourable attitudes, and improve their communication and coping abilities.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Repetitive actions or mental activities (compulsions) carried out in reaction to intrusive, unwelcome thoughts (obsessions) are characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder. OCD can be extremely distressing and hinder day-to-day functioning. When it comes to treating OCD, therapy modalities like Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) are regarded as the best. To break the cycle of worry, ERP entails exposing people to feared obsessions gradually and stopping the related compulsive behaviours.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

After going through or witnessing a traumatic event – such as combat, a natural disaster, or an assault – posttraumatic stress disorder develops. Hypervigilance, nightmares, intrusive flashbacks, and avoiding triggers for the trauma are possible symptoms. PTSD can be effectively treated using trauma-focused therapies such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR). These treatments support patients in challenging false ideas, processing traumatic memories, and creating appropriate coping strategies.

Specific phobias

Extreme, illogical dread of certain things or circumstances, including heights, spiders, or flying, are referred to as specific phobias. When avoiding their feared stimuli, people with certain phobias may go to considerable lengths, which can cause severe distress and impairment. Specific phobias can be treated with therapy, especially exposure therapy. By gradually exposing patients to the things or circumstances they are afraid of, exposure therapy helps them realise that their concerns are unjustified and gives them a sense of power and mastery.


Anxiety disorder can take many forms. Each one has its own symptoms and challenges. Individuals struggling with an anxiety disorder can find hope in therapy. Through evidence-based treatments such as mindfulness-based therapy, exposure therapy, and cognitive behavioural therapy, individuals can learn how to manage their anxiety symptoms, overcome negative beliefs, regain control, and regain their lives. Contact a qualified professional in mental health if someone you know or yourself is experiencing symptoms of anxiety. With the proper support, it’s possible to overcome your anxiety and live an enjoyable life.

Dennis Relojo-Howell is the managing director of Psychreg.


© Copyright 2014–2034 Psychreg Ltd