4 MIN READ | Mental Health

What’s the Difference Between a Psychologist and a Psychotherapist

Wendy Whitehead

Cite This
Wendy Whitehead, (2018, November 19). What’s the Difference Between a Psychologist and a Psychotherapist. Psychreg on Mental Health. https://www.psychreg.org/difference-psychologist-psychotherapist/
Reading Time: 4 minutes

At some point, we will have the classic confusion about the difference between a psychologist and a psychotherapist. It is relatively easy to identify the difference between a psychologist and psychotherapist. 

Psychotherapist vs psychologist

A psychotherapist is a person who, being a physician or psychologist, has also made a special training (from a psychotherapy school, then he practised supervised psychotherapy. The first official psychotherapist was Freud, and the first psychotherapy school was psychoanalysis. Today there are many psychotherapy schools, many divergent, all of which have a common relationship with the client (the psychotherapist has clients, not patients) that only involves conversation, not drugs or other forms of medical therapy.

Psychotherapy and psychotherapeutic counselling are talking therapies.

Psychotherapy is the psychological intervention of the mechanisms involved in health and illness. In other words, psychotherapy helps you resolve some emotional issues or modify certain aspects that make you vulnerable. So, if you have a problem with anxiety, depression, eating disorders or other similar issues, you need to ask for a psychotherapist’s support. You can meet them especially at psychological clinics but also in other contexts – hospitals, clinics, foundations, etc.

A psychologist is someone who has graduated from a faculty of psychology and deals, in general, with the study of the human mind. In fact, this domain is far too vast, so psychologists usually specialise in various branches: psychopathology (psychological anomaly), behavioural, social, educational, even industrial psychology – the list goes on, and it’s very long.

Clinical psychopathologists or psychologists also come in contact with patients, contributing to their assessment. in other words, if you have panic attacks it is advisable to look for a psychologist specialised in clinical psychology and psychotherapy. In the same vein that if you want to be tested for the driving school exam, you will go to a psychologist specialised in the psychology of transport and services or if I want to change your job or you want to see what type of work is the best fit for you, then you should ask for help from a specialist in educational psychology, school, or vocational counselling.

Why is there a confusion

The truth is that often the domains intersect quite a bit. Officially and unofficially – officially, because a psychiatrist may be a psychotherapist or even a psychologist… in fact, for this case any combination is possible. Unofficially, because it’s often hard to pull a line and say: ‘Here is my domain, come here or consult another specialist’. One major difference between psychiatrists and clinical psychologists is that psychiatrists have the strength of using and knowing the pharmacotherapy domain, which belongs exclusively to them because only a doctor can prescribe medications. The presence of the psychiatrist is always necessary for great psychological pathology, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depression.

Psychiatrists are medical doctors who are experts in mental health.

But if psychiatrists deal with mental disorders, are not they actually in clinical psychology? And if a psychotherapist treats mental suffering, is not that a kind of medicine? Various studies say that psychological therapy is the quality of the relationship between the therapist and the client.

Beyond that, only the very targeted therapies to a specific problem (such as cognitive-behavioural therapy) are suitable for scientific studies such as those in psychiatry which, like all branches of medicine, should be based on very solid evidence. So, if you try to see, for example, looking for types of freelance writing jobs which can help you with some extra advice, what kind of psychotherapy would suit you best, it might not at all be that easy.

And things get more and more complicated when all the other candidates for the healing role of the mind come into play. So, it’s not always easy to turn to the right person. Do not despair, however, because the main actor in the therapeutic act is neither the psychiatrist, nor the psychologist, nor the psychotherapist. The protagonist is you. And the most important part of the therapeutic act is the desire for the better.


  • Provide a solution to your problem
  • Helps you get better
  • Dialogue
  • Communication
  • Behaviour change


  • Why you have a problem
  • What caused the problem
  • How you discovered this problem
  • What your motivations are
  • Cannot prescribe drugs

Who to choose?

Moreover, at least ideally, the psychiatrist, psychologist and psychotherapist are working with your mind, perspective and your ideas. They can make you feel better about yourself and create that special state of mind which can bring you stability and emotional balance. All you need to do is to look for that person, either we are talking about a psychological medic or a psychiatrist one, with which you are feeling comfortable, and you are not having any problems in communicating and telling all your problems. In the end, communication is the key for pretty much everything, but even more important when this is the main tool which can make a difference in your life.

So, it’s not your job to know in advance where to go. If you have a problem, ask any accredited professional of mental health. And he will guide you as far as possible. If the psychotherapist thinks he deserves to see a psychiatrist, he will tell you this, and vice versa.


Wendy Whitehead worked as a teaching assistant at two special needs schools in London before embarking on a different career as a marketing consultant. Her passion for special education still remains with her however. She is passionate about mental health and well-being and she write articles in this areas. Wendy did her undergraduate degree in business administration from the University of Leicester. 



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